For laymen terms like virus, Trojans, malware, adware, worms essentially mean the same. All of them are different, but they are categorized under umbrella of Malware. These malware can cause anything from slowing down system’s performance to stealing money. Don’t let malware attack your system in the first place, rather than going into firefighting mode. Given below are preemptive actions that can help you avoiding malware.
Be careful Online
With little caution you can always avoid malware threat on your PC. You need to know what and more importantly from where they data is coming to your system. Here are few important sources where you can get harmful components to ruin your system:
Website: Websites often ask you to download software, a plug in or simply a link to click in order to get certain services. You must avoid following their command as it may well be a potential hazard. You may obey website if is trustworthy, but as a general rule of thumb, you must resent clicking links.
You must’ve seen many e-mails even from your known contacts asking to click link or download attachments. It does not matter how tempting it looks, it must be avoided. Inform your friend if you are getting malicious e-mails from them.
Physical Storage devices:
It is not necessary that a disc, flash drive or a memory card containing malware is from your enemy. Still when inserted to your system, don’t just click Open or use Auto-play. Scanning every such device with reputable software is highly recommended.
A popup appears on your system that says something to the effect “Your computer is full of malicious stuff. Click this link to get free scan”. Wow someone is scanning is your system and giving you the remedy for free, I am king of this world, right? Unfortunately we are not living in the utopian world, so the answer would be No. No matter how convincing the message is, you are should never click such links. Try to kill the process using Task manager, even at the cost of current session.
There are softwares that are not malicious but they can install malware during installation. Don’t just press “Next” every time the setup asks you. Read the term of use or agreement to confirm there are no catches. You need to first software from safe source only. If there is even an iota of doubt, leave it. You can get similar functionality somewhere else easily.
There is no content verification on file sharing sites or networks. So you can you can easily get hold of malware instead of the real application you wished for.
Be prepared with correct programs:
People behind malwares are no ordinary people. You are bound to be infected with their malicious work one unfortunate day. Best preemptive action that you can take is to always have right software applications on your system to combat malware.
OS update: Windows often inform you of the list of updates available for your OS. Sometimes it looks annoying; however the best thing to do is to have your operating system updated always to fight off those malwares.
Browser updates: Like OS updates, keep your browser updated always. Set the popup blocker program along with download scanner to keep the malware aware during your online work.
Antivirus updates: Antivirus kills many known malware as they attack your system. Antivirus companies keep on updating their software upon identification of new threats, so it is essential to have them updated on your system constantly. Try to use one reputable antivirus as more than one will keep on interfering with each other.
Antimalware: Usually Antiviruses do have dedicated sub-software for as AntiMalware or AntiSpyware. However if this is not that case make sure you have a best available AntiMalware installed. Keep on updating it to continue wrestling with newer invaders.
Strengthening Junk folder: Email programs once activated for spam, move the malicious emails to the spam or junk folder. However if you feel yours is not doing it efficiently use spam software to strengthen your defense. Spam filtering may also be available in your Antivirus..
Firewall: Running a firewall to let your OS avoid those good for nothing malware is a good tactic. Like AntiViruses, try to stick to single firewall.